You might be a professional buy-to-let landlord, or you might rent out your home as an ‘accidental landlord’ because you have inherited a property, or have not sold a former property. Whatever your situation, make sure you’re aware of your financial responsibilities. We also offer links to more information on your legal responsibilities.
Watch our short video to learn more about your financial responsibilities if you rent out.
Read a transcript of this video
Inform your mortgage lender
You need to let your lender know someone other than you will be living there.
Depending on how long the arrangement is for, you might need to switch to a different mortgage.
As a landlord you need to know your Income Tax and Capital Gains Tax liabilities.
Here we offer an overview with links out to more detailed information.
Rental income is added to any other relevant income you earn during the financial tax year.
For example, income from employment or possibly interest from savings – to calculate your tax liability.
You must declare this income on a Self Assessment tax return each year.
However, you might be able to claim certain expenses to offset against your rental income and reduce your tax bill.
This includes, for example, some or all of your mortgage interest payments, if you have a buy-to-let mortgage, letting agent fees and some maintenance costs.
Buy-to-let landlords can offset their mortgage interest payments and some of their costs against their income.
Higher and additional rates of tax relief on mortgage interest is being phased out and will be restricted to 20% for all landlords by April 2020.
Property income allowance
The property income allowance means property owners can earn up to £1,000 rental income tax free each.
Basic rate tax payers could save up to £200 and higher rate tax payers up to £400. If you own a property jointly, for example with your partner, you can both claim the allowance.
If your rental income is £1,000 or less, you will not have to declare or pay tax on this income.
If you earn more than £1,000 in rental income, you can deduct the allowance from your receipts. However, if you claim this, you will not be able to claim for other allowable expenses.
The property income allowance will also apply to Class 4 National insurance Contributions.
You can’t use the property allowance against income from letting a room in your own home in conjunction with rent a room relief
Capital Gains Tax
If you are selling a property that isn’t your main home – including a rental property – it’s likely you will have to pay Capital Gains Tax on any gain (profit).
You can offset expenses of a capital nature such as replacement windows against capital gains when the property is sold.
As this might be many years later it’s important to keep records and evidence of any such expenditure.
Then when you come to sell check with a financial adviser or accountant what you can claim back.
Register your tenants’ deposits with a Tenancy Deposit Scheme
These schemes are used to protect the tenants’ deposits.
In England and Wales you must by law put the deposits in a suitable scheme within 30 days of the date of the start of the tenancy agreement if you rent your home on an assured shorthold tenancy that started after 6 April 2007.
Read more about the Tenancy Deposit Scheme on the GOV.UK website.
What fees can you charge as a landlord?
From June 2019, landlords are limited in what fees they can charge to tenants.
Refundable tenancy deposits are capped at no more than five weeks’ rent if the total rent is less than £50,000 a year, or six weeks’ if the total rent is more than £50,000 a year.
Holding deposits, used to reserve a property, are capped at one weeks’ rents.
You are still allowed to charge fees if the tenant asks to end the tenancy early, for late rent payments and if you pass on costs for things like utilities, Council Tax and TV Licence.
Tax rules for holiday lettings
The tax rules for full-or part-time holiday lets differ from those for private renting.
Your legal responsibilities as a landlord
You have many legal responsibilities to comply with as a landlord, including:
- drawing up a legal tenancy agreement
- safety of gas and electrical appliances you supply
- fire safety of furniture and furnishings you supply
- providing an Energy Performance Certificate for the property
- protecting your tenants’ deposits in a government-approved scheme
- checking your tenants have the right to rent your property if it’s in England.
Find out more about legal responsibilities as a private landlord in England and Wales on the GOV.UK website
Rent Smart Wales
A new registration and licensing scheme has been introduced in Wales.
It aims to raise awareness of the respective rights and responsibilities of:
If a landlord wants to manage the property themselves, they must prove they’re ‘fit and proper’ to hold a licence.
They must then take (and pass) approved training.
Alternatively, they’ll be able to appoint a licensed agent to manage the property on their behalf.
Private landlords must register with Rent Smart Walesopens in new window
. They must also register their properties.
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