- 57% agree parents are the biggest influence on development of children’s money skills
- Yet over half of parents say they find it hard to talk to their children about money matters
- Pocket Money increases by 18% per year
The majority of UK parents (57%) agree that they are the single biggest influence on developing their children’s money management skills – yet 58% admit that they find it difficult to talk to their child about money matters, according to new research from the Money Advice Service.
Avoiding the conversation
Only half (52%) of parents say they discuss money matters regularly with their children. The key reasons parents feel uncomfortable broaching the subject of money with their kids are:
- Children shouldn’t have to worry about money (43%)
- I feel awkward discussing money – even with my own children (26%)
- My parents never gave me any money advice (19%)
A lack of confidence in their own ability to manage money was also a key factor – just 43% of parents said that they feel they are better at saving money than their children.
Leaving it too late
Parents most commonly begin engaging their children with money skills when they are eight years old – this is the average age at which they begin giving them pocket money. On average parents encourage them to compare prices and talk to them about saving when they are nine. However, a previous academic study commissioned by the Money Advice Service and compiled by academics at the University of Cambridge demonstrated that children begin to form money habits by age seven**, meaning parents are generally leaving it too late.
In addition, whilst 26% of parents had started giving their children pocket money by the age of five, just 16% had begun speaking to their children about the importance of saving by this age.
Impacting budgeting skills
Whilst the vast majority of parents give their children pocket money, in most cases it is at irregular intervals with the amount varying. Just 38% say they give their children a set amount of money at regular intervals – for example each week or month. This lack of consistency could make it harder for children to understand how to manage money for themselves, potentially impacting the development of budgeting skills.
Just the job?
Whilst many parents are reluctant to talk to their children about money, many see the value of them learning about it in the real world. Seventy-one per cent of parents said that children should have a job whilst in education, to both ‘teach them the value of money’ and to ‘learn how to support themselves.’
Pocket money index
The research revealed the average amount of pocket money children between the ages of 11-18 years old receive from their parents by age. The amount was shown to rise an average of £1.78 - or 18.4% - per year:
|Age of child
||Average amount of pocket money received per week
Responding to the findings, Kirsty Bowman-Vaughan, Young People Policy Manager at the Money Advice Service, says:
“It’s interesting to see that even though parents know they are the biggest influence on their child’s money habits, they still find it hard to talk about the subject with their kids. We know that children develop attitudes towards money at a young age, most commonly prior to seven years old and so it is important to start building good behaviours as early as possible.
We know that talking about money isn’t always easy, but it can be really fun. We’ve developed some useful tips and information at the Money Advice Service to help you get started.
We also know that introducing your children to money at an early age really works. Our insight shows that the more parents talk to their children and give them responsibility from an early age, the better they are at saving and planning for the future.”
According to child psychologist Dr Elizabeth Kilbey:
“Having tough conversations with your children is part and parcel of being a parent and money can be a subject many find particularly hard to cover, especially if it is an area which they struggle with themselves. One of the key reasons for many parents is that they feel children shouldn’t be burdened with adult responsibilities, like worries about money. But it can in fact be very empowering to give your children skills and confidence with money, so that they don’t have to face money worries in the future.”
Five tops tips from Dr Elizabeth Kilbey on talking money with your children
- Subtly integrate it into your child’s life. You don’t have to have a big ‘money chat’ to bring up the idea of good money management. When you go shopping for example, encourage your child to make a choice between two items so they understand they can’t ‘have it all’ or explain to them that whilst two products are very similar, one is cheaper and it can be sensible to go for that one.
- It’s never too young to start. My own experience backs up the Money Advice Service’s academic study which shows that money habits begin to be developed prior to the age of seven. Children shouldn’t have to worry about family finances, but you can help them understand money without doing this.
- Be confident. This is your opportunity to help your children develop positive, beneficial habits. Even if you aren’t the best at money management, you will still have lots you can pass on to your children.
- Have a go. Money is a very practical subject and children can be very hands on learners. Find ways for your children to handle and use money whenever possible and having pocket money can be a great way of doing this. In younger children, role play can be used – for example playing ‘shop’ using pretend money.
- It’s ok to make a few mistakes; it’s how we all learn, and that applies to money as well. It’s far better for children to be making mistakes with little or no consequences than them facing bigger money issues when they are older which could have a bigger impact.
NOTES TO EDITORS
- *Research conducted by One Poll for The Money Advice Service in March 2015 amongst 2,000 UK parents with children aged 11-18 years old. Parents with more than one child were asked to consider the questions in relation to their oldest child
- **Conclusion from Habit Formation and Learning in Young Children, commissioned by the Money Advice Service and compiled by Dr. David Whitebread and Dr. Sue Bingham, University of Cambridge, May 2013
Content available on the Money Advice Service Website:
About the Money Advice Service
The Money Advice Service is an independent organisation. It gives free, unbiased money advice online at moneyadviceservice.org.uk, over the phone on 0300 500 5000, and face-to-face right across the UK. The Service was set up by Government and is paid for by a statutory levy on the financial services industry, raised through the Financial Conduct Authority. Its statutory objectives are to enhance the understanding and knowledge of members of the public about financial matters (including the UK financial system); and to enhance the ability of members of the public to manage their own financial affairs.
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