Automatic enrolment – an introduction
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Under a law introduced in 2012, all employers must eventually offer a workplace pension scheme and automatically enrol eligible workers in it. This requirement has applied to larger employers since October 2012 and will apply to all employers by 2018.
How are workplace pensions changing?
To help more people save for their retirement, the government has made major changes to how workplace pensions operate.
In the past it was up to workers to decide whether they wanted to join their employer’s pension scheme. But by 2018 all employers will have to automatically enrol their eligible workers into a workplace pension scheme unless the worker opts out. As a result, many more people will be able to build up savings to help cover their retirement needs.
When does automatic enrolment start?
Automatic enrolment is being introduced in stages up until 2018. The largest employers started first, followed by medium-sized and then small employers. If you haven’t yet been enrolled in a scheme, your employer will tell you the exact date of it will begin automatic enrolment and whether or not you’re eligible for their scheme.
Who will be automatically enrolled?
Whether you work full time or part time, your employer will have to enrol you in a workplace pension scheme if you:
- Are not already in a suitable workplace pension scheme
- Are at least 22 years old, but under State Pension age
- Earn more than £10,000 a year (tax year 2015-16)
- Work in the UK
As long as you meet these criteria you’ll also be covered if you’re on a short-term contract, or an agency pays your wages, or you’re away on maternity, adoption or carer’s leave. If you earn less than this you can ask to be enrolled and, as long as you earn more than a certain amount, your employer has to enrol you and make contributions for you.
Do I have any choice about being enrolled?
You can opt out of your employer’s workplace pension scheme after you’ve been enrolled. But if you do, you’ll lose out on your employer’s contribution to your pension, as well as the government’s contribution in the form of tax relief.
If you decide to opt out, ask the people who run your employer’s workplace pension scheme for an opt-out form. You must then return your completed form to your employer, not to the people who run the scheme.
If you decide to opt out within a month of being enrolled, any payments you’ve made into your pension pot during this time will be refunded to you.
After the first month, you can still opt out at any time, but any payments you’ve made will stay in your pension pot for retirement rather than be refunded.
You can re-join your employer’s workplace pension scheme at a later date if you want to. By law your employer must re-enrol you back into the scheme approximately every three years, as long as you still meet the eligibility criteria.
How much will I have to contribute?
There is a minimum total amount that has to be contributed by you, your employer, and the government in the form of tax relief. This total minimum contribution is currently set at 2% of your earnings (0.8% from you, 1% from your employer, and 0.2% as tax relief). In 2017 and 2018 the amounts will increase.
The minimum contribution applies to anything you earn over £5,824 (in the tax year 2015-16) up to a limit of £42,385. This includes overtime and bonus payments. So if you were earning £18,000 a year, your contribution would be a percentage of £12,176 (the difference between £5,824 and £18,000).
Your employer will let you know how much of your earnings you’ll need to contribute. They may tell you this as a sum of money or as a percentage. If they give you a percentage, you can find out what it means in pounds and pence using our Workplace pension contribution calculator.
Increases in the minimum contribution
The total minimum contribution is currently set at 2% of your earnings (0.8% from you, 1% from your employer, and 0.2% as tax relief). From October 2017, it will increase as follows:
October 2017 to September 2018: 5% of your earnings (2.4% from you, 2% from your employer, and 0.6% as tax relief)
From October 2018 onwards: 8% of your earnings (4% from you, 3% from your employer, and 1% as tax relief)
Should I stay in or opt out?
For most people, staying in a workplace pension is a good idea, particularly if the employer is contributing to it. Workplace pensions are a great way to save for retirement. However, there are circumstances in which it might not make sense to stay in – for example, if you are dealing with unmanageable debt.