Benefits in retirement

Up to 1.9 million pensioners are living in poverty, according to The Joseph Rowntree Foundation. But many are failing to claim the benefits they’re entitled to. Don’t miss out on your money – here’s a list of benefits you could potentially claim and how to find out if you’re eligible.

State Pension

The State Pension gives you a regular taxable income for the rest of your life.

It’s not means-tested, but the amount you get depends on how many qualifying years of National Insurance contributions or credits you’ve built up.


Pension Credit

Pension Credit is for people who are on a low income and is designed to top up a pensioner’s income to a guaranteed minimum level.

Many people entitled to Pension Credit don’t claim it, so make sure you find out whether you’re eligible and don’t miss out if you are.

Help with Council Tax

Whether you own your home or rent, you could be eligible for support from your local authority (or the Welsh and Scottish Governments) to help you pay your Council Tax.

Help with Rates in Northern Ireland

Domestic rates for residential properties are based on the value of your home on 1 January 2005. Bills and payments are dealt with by the Land and Property Services (LPS) office.

If you are on a low income, you may be entitled to rate relief. There are also allowances for lone pensioners (people living alone aged 70 or over) and disabled people.

You can find out more on the NI Direct website.

Help with heating costs

Winter Fuel Payment

This is a tax-free payment to help people born on or before 5 January 1954 keep warm during winter. Some people call it winter fuel allowance.

The amount paid depends on your age and who lives in your household.

If you’ve received the payment in previous years, you should receive it again without having to claim.

You should also receive it automatically if you meet the age and residence criteria and receive any of a wide range of government benefits including:

  • State Pension
  • Pension Credit,
  • Jobseeker’s Allowance, and
  • Employment and Support Allowance.

If you’re eligible you will receive a letter in October confirming how much money you can expect to receive. The letter will also explain how you can update any incorrect information, such as your bank details.

Roughly three weeks after you receive the letter (for most this will be in November or December) you’ll receive the Winter Fuel Payment into your chosen bank account. The payment reference on your bank statement will be ‘DWP Winter Fuel’.

If you need to claim, phone the Winter Fuel Payment helpline on Tel 0800 731 0160.

Or contact the Northern Ireland Winter Fuel Payment Centre.

Cold Weather Payment

These £25 payments are made when your local temperature is either recorded as, or forecast to be, an average of zero degrees Celsius or below over 7 consecutive days between 1 November and 31 March each year.

If you’re eligible for any of a range of other income-related benefits, including Pension Credit, you’ll be eligible for Cold Weather Payments.

There’s no need to apply for it, if you’re eligible, it will be paid automatically.

To find out more go to

Warm Homes Discount scheme

Certain people on a low income and getting means-tested benefits can get a deduction from their winter electricity bill through the Warm Homes Discount scheme. In 2021-22 the discount is worth £140.

There are two ways to be eligible:

  • If you get the Guarantee Credit element of Pension Credit and your supplier is part of the scheme, you will normally get this deduction automatically from your bill.
  • If you’re on a low income, claim certain means-tested benefits and your supplier is part of the scheme you can also get this deduction. You should get in touch with your electricity supplier for details.

People on pre-pay or pay-as-you-go meters can also get the discount, but you will need to talk to your supplier about how to get it.

If you get the Warm Homes Discount and you’re switching energy supplier, make sure your new supplier offers the discount. If they don’t, your bills could go up. You can find out more and check which suppliers offer the discount on the Ofgem and GOV.UK websites.

Find out more about the Warm Home Discount, if you qualify and the energy suppliers involved on GOV.UK.

You can also find out more and check which suppliers offer the discount on the Ofgem website.

The scheme does not apply in Northern Ireland as fuel poverty is devolved to the Northern Ireland Executive, which decides its own fuel poverty objectives and policies.

Insulation and heating schemes

There are a number of schemes that install insulation and heating improvements to make your home more energy efficient.

You’re likely to be eligible if your home is poorly insulated or doesn’t have a working central heating system, and if you receive any of a range of income-related benefits including Pension Credit.

Use the links below to find out more:

For more information on insulation and other ways to cut you energy bill read our guide on saving money on gas and electricity bills.

Health benefits

In England, everyone aged over 60 gets free prescriptions and eye tests.

You might also be eligible for help towards:

  • Dental treatment‚
  • Travel costs to hospital, and
  • Glasses or contact lenses

In Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, everyone is entitled to free prescriptions.

Disability and care benefits

A number of benefits are available to people who have disabilities, or who have specific care needs.

These benefits include Personal Independence Payment if you’re under State Pension age and Attendance Allowance if you’re over State Pension age.

Travel and TV benefits

Bus passes

If you live in Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland you qualify for a free bus pass when you’re 60 or over.

In England, you can get one when you reach State Pension age.

If you live in a London borough and are over 60, you qualify for a free travel Oyster photocard.

Travel concessions

If you are over 60 or disabled find out about travel concessions below.

Free passport

If you were born on or before 2 September 1929 and are a British national, you could be eligible for a free passport.

You will need a full ten-year passport if you want to travel abroad, even if it is for just a day.

Free TV Licence

You now have to pay for your TV licence unless you’re getting some means-tested benefits, such as Pension Credit.

There are still some over-75s who can get the TV licence for free or at a reduced rate.

See our TV licence guide to find out if you’re eligible.

Benefits for war widows and widowers

If your husband, wife or civil partner died or were injured or became ill as a result of their service in Her Majesty’s (HM) Armed Forces, or during a time of war before 06 April 2005, you might be entitled to a War Widow’s or Widower’s Pension.

If they died or sustained an injury or illness due to serving in a conflict after 06 April 2005, you might be entitled to compensation through the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme.

Find out more about War widows and widowers’ pensions and compensation on the GOV.UK website.

Medical costs for war pensioners

If you need medical treatment because you were disabled while serving in the Armed Forces, you could get help towards your medical costs for your accepted disability.

Find out more about medical costs for war veterans.

War Disablement Pension

If you were injured or disabled while serving in the Armed Forces before 6 April 2005 you can get extra help towards your pension.

Find out more about War Disablement Pension on the GOV.UK website.

Use an online benefit calculator

Using an online benefit calculator on the GOV.UK website is a good way to:

  • Check which benefits you might be entitled to
  • Estimate the amounts you might be able to claim
  • Show the estimates would change if your circumstances changed

The tool will ask you for anonymous information about your savings and income, as well as your spending on key things such as rent, mortgage or childcare payments.

Use a benefit calculator on the GOV.UK websiteopens in new window to find out what you might be entitled to.

You can also get free benefits advice from Turn2Us – a charitable service that helps people access welfare benefits, grants and other support.

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