Compensation if your bank or building society goes bust
If your bank, building society or credit union went bust you would be entitled to compensation through the Financial Services Compensation Scheme for a maximum of £85,000. Find out what happens for joint accounts and if you have money with two banks in the same banking group.
What is the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS)?
The Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS) can pay out compensation to people who end up out of pocket because a bank or other financial services provider goes bust.
It also helps people who lose money because of poor advice from a financial adviser who has since gone out of business.
What the Financial Services Compensation Scheme covers
The scheme covers several different kinds of financial services. You could get compensation if:
- You lost money in accounts with a bank, building society or credit union. As long as you didn’t have more than £85,000 with a single institution. Use Which?’s tool to find out which banks are part of the same group.
- Your insurance company goes bust. The Financial Services Compensation Scheme can pay protected claims and try to arrange for, or help with, the transfer of the insurance business to another company if this is cost effective and practical.
- Your pension provider goes bust. The scheme only covers pensions regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority – you can see an overview of which schemes are and aren’t covered on The Pensions Advisory Service website.
- You lost money because you got poor financial advice, or your financial services provider committed fraud. In this case, the scheme might cover you if the financial services provider is unable, or likely to be unable, to pay claims against it.
Protection of temporarily high balances
It’s worth noting that depositors with temporary high balances might have protection under the FSCS for up to £1m, for up to six months from the date the account was first credited. Cover for temporary high balances is only available to individuals and not to companies.
If, for example, you sell your home and as a result have an unusually high balance in your account, your balance might be protected if your bank goes bust, even it is higher than the £85,000 limit.
What the Scheme doesn’t cover
You are not covered by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme if:
- The company is still in business. You must complain to them first, and then take your case to the Financial Ombudsman, if you are not satisfied.
- The firm wasn’t responsible for your loss. For example, if your loss was caused by an underlying investment going bust.
- The company was not authorised by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) or the Prudential Regulation Authority. You can find out if yours is covered using the Financial Services Register.
- The company was based in the European Economic Area (EEA) and had chosen not to join the FSCS. All financial firms with headquarters in the EEA must sign up to their home country’s compensation scheme, and might have to join the FSCS, depending on how they are regulated by the FCA. All European countries have a compensation limit of €100,000.
- Your claim relates to business that took place before a certain date. This date varies depending on the type of claim – you can check key dates on the Scheme’s website.
The Financial Services Compensation Scheme can cover individual customers and small businesses, but generally does not cover losses incurred by larger companies.
If you think you’ve been sold a product that wasn’t suitable for you – mis-selling – you might be able to claim compensation.
Find out about Financial mis-selling – what to do if you’re affected
How to make a claim
When a bank or building society goes out of business, its official liquidator, or the Financial Services Compensation Scheme, will try to contact all the people who had accounts there.
But if you know there is a problem with your bank or building society, don’t wait – make your claim as quickly as possible.
How much compensation will you get?
There are limits on what the scheme will pay out.
You need to be particularly careful how much money you keep with each bank, building society or credit union and, if you have savings above the compensation threshold, how you spread your money between different banking groups.
If you have only one account
Cash you put into UK banks or building societies (that are authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority) is protected by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS).
The FSCS savings protection limit is £85,000 per authorised firm.
If you have more than one account with the same bank or building society
The maximum you would get is still £85,000, even if the total of all your different accounts with the same bank added up to more than this.
If you have more than one account, but with different banks and building societies
The level of protection you have will depend on which banks and building societies your accounts are with. The Financial Services Compensation Scheme will only pay out its maximum of £85,000 per person, for each ‘authorised institution’ or banking group.
If you have a joint account
If you have a joint account, the Financial Services Compensation Scheme deposit protection limit is £170,000.
Beware of firms offering claims management services
It is completely free to make a claim with the Financial Services Compensation Scheme. But, some companies will offer to help you make a claim and charge you a fee. This can be as much as a quarter of your compensation plus VAT – so if you got £2,000 back you could end up paying the company as much as £600.