The cost of buying a house and moving
Wondering how much it costs to buy a house, or a flat? Well, when you buy a property and move home, there are some upfront fees to think about, as well as your mortgage costs. These include solicitor’s fees for the purchase, insurance for the property and (sometimes) ground rent. Make sure you include all of these when you work out your overall budget.
Major upfront costs
Make sure you have saved enough to cover all of the upfront costs.
Generally, the bigger the deposit you can pay, the more likely you are to be given a mortgage (subject to a mortgage affordability assessment), and the lower your interest rate is likely to be.
This is the amount you put towards the cost of the property when you buy your home.
On average, you need at least 5% to 20% of the purchase price (for example: £10,000 to £ 40,000 when buying a £200,000 home).
Use the Stamp Duty calculator to work out how much you’ll pay if you’re buying your property in England, Wales or Northern Ireland.
Stamp duty is a government tax paid on homes costing £125,001 or more.
As of April 2016, there is a 3% increase on top of current rates if you’re buying an additional residential property above £40,000 such as a second home or buy-to-let property.
The mortgage lender will assess the value of the property to establish how much they are prepared to lend you.
The cost can be £150-£1,500 based on the property’s value.
Some lenders might not charge you for this, depending on the type of mortgage product you select.
The lender’s valuation is not like a full structural survey so it might not identify all the repairs or maintenance that might be needed.
Before you buy a property, get it checked by a surveyor.
This is vital so that you understand if there are any problems before you buy.
Surveys range from a basic home condition survey costing around £250 to a full structural survey from £600 or more.
Paying for a good survey could save you money on repairs in the long run.
You will normally need a solicitor or licensed conveyor to carry out all the legal work when buying and selling your home.
Legal fees are typically £850-£1,500 including VAT at 20%.
They will also do local searches, which will cost you £250-£300, to check whether there are any local plans or problems.
Electronic transfer fee
Typically this costs £40-£50. It covers the lender’s cost of transferring the mortgage money from the lender to the solicitor.
Estate agent’s fee
This is only paid by the seller, not the buyer, for the estate agent’s services.
It is negotiated when they put the property on the market.
It is usually 1% to 3% of the sale price plus 20% VAT.
These usually range from £300-£600, although you could rent a van do it yourself.
We’ve put together a home buying timeline to help give you an idea of the costs you can expect throughout the process.
These might include a booking fee of £99-£250, an arrangement fee of up to £2,000 and a mortgage valuation fee (typically £150 or possibly more).
It’s best to pay these upfront rather than adding them to your mortgage, otherwise you’ll be paying interest on them for the life of the mortgage.
Types of mortgage
There are hundreds of types of mortgage products and several types of mortgage for different circumstances.
Look beyond the interest rate. Make sure you also take the fees and charges into account when choosing a mortgage.
Remember that once you buy your own home you’re responsible for looking after it.
Maintenance and repairs
The average repair bill for new homeowners is £5,750.
Your survey should have highlighted any problems that need fixing straight away.
The lender will require you to take out buildings insurance to protect your new home against damage from fire, floods, subsidence and anything else.
It’s also a good idea to have contents insurance for all your possessions, and life insurance to pay off your mortgage should you die before you’ve repaid the entire amount.
The amount you pay is based on where the property is and its valuation band the property is in (apart from in Northern Ireland where rates are set individually).
Ask the sellers how much they spend on utilities – gas, electricity and water – every year.
Don’t forget to think about charges for your phone, TV packages and broadband.
If you buy a leasehold property, you’ll have to pay ground rent (around £50-£100 a year) and service charges to the person who owns the freehold.
Service charges and admin fees differ between properties.
This is an important cost of running a property so it’s vital you know more about these charges.
Freehold or leasehold
There are different ways you can own property: freehold, leasehold or through a share of the freehold.