First-time home buyer guide

If you’ve decided you’d like to own your own home, there are a few things you can do to make the process easier. From saving for a deposit to the mortgage application process, here’s everything you need to know.

How much deposit do I need to buy a house?

Before starting to look at properties, you need to start saving for a deposit. Generally, you need to try to save at least 5% to 20% of the cost of the home you would like, so if you want to buy a home costing £150,000, you’ll need to save at least £7,500. Saving more than 5% will make it easier for you to apply for a wider range of cheaper mortgages.

Read our guide How to set a savings goal.

Estimate your overall cost of buying a house and moving

Make sure you can afford your monthly repayments

As a first-time home buyer, the most important thing to bear in mind is whether you can really afford to take this step. It’s wise to put together a budget before you start looking for a property.

There are now strict checks when you apply for a mortgage. Lenders will check that you can afford the mortgage and also ‘stress test’ your ability to make your payments if interest rates were to rise or if your circumstances changed, such as possible redundancy or having children.

As part of the mortgage application process you will need to show the lender evidence of any outgoings, and prove your income.

Use our Mortgage affordability calculator to work out what mortgage you can afford.

Read our guide How much can you afford to borrow?

Budget for the other costs of buying a home

Apart from your monthly mortgage payments, there are other costs associated with buying a home. These include:

  • Mortgage arrangement and valuation fees
  • Stamp Duty (or Land and Buildings Transaction Tax in Scotland)
  • Solicitor’s fee
  • Survey cost
  • Removal costs
  • Initial furnishing and decorating costs
  • Buildings insurance

Estimate your overall buying and moving costs

Money timeline when buying property – England, Wales and Northern Ireland

Money timeline when buying a property in Scotland

Use our calculator to work out the Stamp Duty cost of the property you’re buying.

Affordable home buyer schemes to get you on to the property ladder

There are a number of government-backed schemes aimed at giving home buyers – and movers too – a helping hand onto the property ladder.

If you are able to use one of these schemes, lenders will still ensure that you can afford to pay your mortgage.

Affordable housing schemes

Help to Buy scheme: everything you need to know

Shared ownership schemes

Finding a mortgage

There are many different mortgage deals to pick from, so choosing the right one for you can be tricky. It can depend on a number of factors, so it’s a good idea to do some research and talk to experts such as mortgage brokers.

Understand different types of mortgages

Mortgages – a beginner’s guide

Having the right mortgage advice

Mortgage payment calculator

Freehold or leasehold

If you’re looking to buy a house it’s likely you’ll be buying the freehold, meaning that you own the property and land it sits on. If you’re buying a flat, you will either be buying leasehold, or buying into a share of the freehold.

Find out more about the differences and financial implications in our guide Leasehold or freehold – financial implications.

The application process

Whichever mortgage you apply for, your lender will want to know that you can make payments if interest rates rise or your financial circumstances change.

You will need to prove your income, and show the lender evidence of any outgoings, including debts, household bills and other living costs such as clothing, childcare and travel costs.

To prove your income, you may have to produce payslips and bank statements. If you are self-employed you could be asked for tax returns and business accounts prepared by an accountant.

How much can you afford to borrow?

How to apply for a mortgage

Affordability calculator

Someone else can guarantee your mortgage

If you’re struggling to get a mortgage to buy your first home you might want to consider a guarantor mortgage. This means that a parent, guardian or close relative agrees to be responsible for the mortgage payments should you be unable to meet them.

Guarantor mortgages shouldn’t be entered into lightly as they are legally binding arrangements and your guarantor needs to be able to afford to pay your mortgage if you get into difficulty.

You’ll need to talk to a mortgage broker to find out more about which lenders offer guarantor mortgages.

The home buying process – costs explained

Understand the process from beginning-to-end and the costs you’ll need to pay for along the way:

Money timeline when buying property – England, Wales & N. Ireland

Cost timeline for buying a property in Scotland

Your next step

Mortgages – a beginner’s guide